Which Type Of Laser Is Right For You?

If you are searching laser hair removal you must have stumbled upon some of these brand names. Companies like to name the technology they use, but aren’t always explaining what makes one laser hair removal machine different from others.

Four most common laser systems used for hair removal

Ruby laser

The oldest type of laser used for hair removal purposes. It emits a short wavelength that has a higher melanin absorption rate than other lasers on the market. This laser isn’t suitable for darker skin tones or tanned skin only for fair, white skin that is less susceptible to discoloration.  It also gives best results on light and fine hair types. Ruby laser covers only smaller areas than other lasers.

Common brand names: Palomer E2000, Ruby Star

Ruby laser is suitable for I. and II. skin types on Fitzpatrick skin tone scale.

Pros:

  • Pain-free in comparison to other laser hair removal procedures.
  • Built-in cooling equipment, thus minimizing the chance of burns and other side effects.

Cons:

  • Cannot be used on tanned or dark skin.
  • Treats a relatively small area.
  • A slow repetition rate, which increases the treatment.

Alexandrite laser

Alexandrite laser is the fastest of all laser types. It’s good for treating larger body parts in clients with light to olive complexion. This is one of the most widely used lasers.  It’s suitable for skin type I. on Fitzpatrick scale.

Available alexandrite laser devices on the markets are: Apogee, GentleLase, EpiTouch Plus.

Pros:

  • Very good skin penetration rate.
  • Effective on finer, thinner hairs.
  • Effective for white skin tones.
  • The quickest laser hair removal available.

Cons:

  • May cause pigment changes (darkening or lightening).
  • Not suitable for darker skin tones.
  • The significant risk of burns.

Diode laser

This laser is very effective for darker skin types, but less effective on finer, lighter hair. The Diode laser covers large areas and allows fast treatment of larger body areas. It’s mainly used on skin type I. and II. on Fitzpatrick scale.

Pros:

  • Deeper and safer penetration into the skin layer.
  • Best results among dark-skinned people.

Cons:

  • There may be some swelling, scars, burns, skin discoloration and redness.
  • In some clients there is possibility of a condition called urticaria.
  • Newness – not enough data to assess its long-term results.

Popular Diode laser devices that are available on the market: SLP 100, F1 Diode, MeDioStar, Light Sheer, LaserLite, Apex 800 and Epistar.

Nd:YAG laser

This laser can safely be used on all skin types, including tanned skin.  Large coverage and fast repetition rates allow faster treatment. Nd:YAG laser can be used on skin type from I.-VI on Fitzpatrick skin tone scale.

Pros:

  • Works on almost all skin types.
  • A larger body areas.

Cons:

  • More painful than other lasers.
  • Risk of burns, scars, skin discoloration and swelling.
  • Not effective in achieving long-term results.

The most popular Nd:YAG devices on the market are: CoolGlide, Athos, Medlite IV, Varia, Lyra and Image.

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